Launching files and folders from the Command prompt
The following has only been tested on Windows XP.
Current directory structure
Those familiar with DOS will know that previously, only
.exe could be executed. However, it is
now possible to open and run any file using the Windows command shell that has a program associated with it.
This emulates the user opening the file from Window’s File Explorer.
For example, given the directory listing below (which contains a copy of this website):
D:\jurn\magicmonster.com\src\output\html>dir Volume in drive D is Programs Volume Serial Number is 366B-10EB Directory of D:\jurn\magicmonster.com\src\output\html 30/03/2004 12:04 AM <DIR> . 30/03/2004 12:04 AM <DIR> .. 30/03/2004 12:04 AM 2,297 about.html 30/03/2004 12:04 AM <DIR> css 29/03/2004 06:57 PM <DIR> CVS 30/03/2004 12:04 AM <DIR> ent 30/03/2004 12:04 AM 1,406 favicon.ico 30/03/2004 12:04 AM <DIR> images 30/03/2004 12:04 AM 3,916 index.html 30/03/2004 12:04 AM <DIR> kb 29/03/2004 06:59 PM 940 Makefile 30/03/2004 12:04 AM 113 robots.txt 30/03/2004 12:04 AM <DIR> services 5 File(s) 8,672 bytes 8 Dir(s) 3,250,106,368 bytes free D:\jurn\magicmonster.com\src\output\html>
We are able to do the following.
Open a folder into a new Explorer window
We can open the
kb directory using the command
How to open a file with its associated program
index.html with the default web browser by typing its name in the DOS prompt.
If you are writing scripts in Cygwin, you can access the Windows command shell, and then run the same commands
prefixed with a
cmd /c to achieve the same thing. e.g.
$ pwd /cygdrive/d/jurn/magicmonster.com/src/output/html jurn@brownfang ~/magicmonster.com/src/output/html $ cmd /c index.html jurn@brownfang ~/magicmonster.com/src/output/html $ cmd /c start kb jurn@brownfang ~/magicmonster.com/src/output/html
For a more detailed description of the commands, you can get help by using the
help command. You can get help
about most Windows standard command line tools using this.
help start will describe what the start command does.
help cmd will describe the options available when opening a new shell.